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dc.contributor.author Cai, Wenju
dc.contributor.author Wang, Guojian
dc.contributor.author Santoso, Agus
dc.contributor.author McPhaden, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author Wu, Lixin
dc.contributor.author Jin, Fei-Fei
dc.contributor.author Timmermann, Axel
dc.contributor.author Collins, Mat
dc.contributor.author Vecchi, Gabriel
dc.contributor.author Lengaigne, Matthieu
dc.contributor.author England, Matthew H.
dc.contributor.author Dommenget, Dietmar
dc.contributor.author Takahashi, Ken
dc.contributor.author Guilyardi, Eric
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-10T16:10:14Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-10T16:10:14Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01
dc.identifier.citation Cai, W., Wang, G., Santoso, A., McPhaden, M. J., Wu, L., Jin, F. F., ... & Guilyardi, E. (2015). Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming.==$Nature Climate Change, 5,$==132-137. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2492
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018
dc.identifier.issn 14764687
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.igp.gob.pe/handle/IGP/2888
dc.description.abstract "The El Niño/Southern Oscillation is Earth’s most prominent source of interannual climate variability, alternating irregularly between El Niño and La Niña, and resulting in global disruption of weather patterns, ecosystems, fisheries and agriculture1,2,3,4,5. The 1998–1999 extreme La Niña event that followed the 1997–1998 extreme El Niño event6 switched extreme El Niño-induced severe droughts to devastating floods in western Pacific countries, and vice versa in the southwestern United States4,7. During extreme La Niña events, cold sea surface conditions develop in the central Pacific8,9, creating an enhanced temperature gradient from the Maritime continent to the central Pacific. Recent studies have revealed robust changes in El Niño characteristics in response to simulated future greenhouse warming10,11,12, but how La Niña will change remains unclear. Here we present climate modelling evidence, from simulations conducted for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (ref. 13), for a near doubling in the frequency of future extreme La Niña events, from one in every 23 years to one in every 13 years. This occurs because projected faster mean warming of the Maritime continent than the central Pacific, enhanced upper ocean vertical temperature gradients, and increased frequency of extreme El Niño events are conducive to development of the extreme La Niña events. Approximately 75% of the increase occurs in years following extreme El Niño events, thus projecting more frequent swings between opposite extremes from one year to the next". es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Nature Research es_ES
dc.relation.uri https://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate2492 es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.source Repositorio institucional - IGP es_ES
dc.subject Interacción océano-atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject Corriente El Niño es_ES
dc.subject Dinámica atmosférica es_ES
dc.subject Corriente La Niña es_ES
dc.subject Calentamiento global es_ES
dc.subject Oceanografía--Costa del Pacífico (Perú) es_ES
dc.subject Perú--Clima--Observaciones es_ES
dc.subject Cambio climático--Pronósticos es_ES
dc.subject Océano--Efecto de los seres humanos en el es_ES
dc.title Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Clima es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Efectos en el medio ambiente es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Oceanografía es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Física es_ES
dc.subject.ocde América del Sur es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Desastres es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Océano Pacífico es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Perú es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Nature es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/nclimate2492 es_ES

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