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dc.contributor.author Kumar, Shailendra
dc.contributor.author Del Castillo Velarde, Carlos Manuel
dc.contributor.author Valdivia Prado, Jairo Michael
dc.contributor.author Flores Rojas, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Callañaupa Gutierrez, Stephany Magaly
dc.contributor.author Moya Álvarez, Aldo Saturnino
dc.contributor.author Martínez Castro, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Silva Vidal, Yamina
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-21T17:02:42Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-21T17:02:42Z
dc.date.issued 2020-03-02
dc.identifier.citation Kumar, S., Castillo-Velarde, C., Valdivia, J. M., Flores, J. L., Callañaupa, S. M., Moya, A. S., … & Silva, Y. (2020). Rainfall characteristics in the Mantaro basin over tropical Andes from a vertically pointed profile rain radar and in-situ field campaign.==$Atmosphere, 11$==(3), 248. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11030248 es_ES
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018
dc.identifier.issn 2073-4433
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.igp.gob.pe/handle/IGP/4789
dc.description.abstract “Information on the vertical structure of rain, especially near the surface is important for accurate quantitative precipitation estimation from weather and space-borne radars. In the present study, the rainfall characteristics, from a vertically pointed profile Radar in the Mantaro basin (Huancayo, Peru) are observed. In summary, diurnal variation of near-surface rainfall and bright band height, average vertical profiles of the drop size distribution (DSD), rain rate, radar reflectivity (Ze) and liquid water content (LWC) are investigated to derive the rainfall characteristics. Diurnal variation of rain rate and bright band height show the bimodal distribution, where frequent and higher rain rate occurred during the afternoon and nighttime, and more than 70% bright band height found between 4.3–4.7 km. The average vertical profiles of Ze show the opposite characteristics above and below the melting level (ML) and depend on the near-surface rain rate. For example, the average Ze profiles have a negative gradient above the ML, whereas below, the ML, the gradient depends on the near-surface rain rate. The rain rate and LWC show the opposite behavior, and both consist of a positive (negative) gradient below (above) the ML. The vertical growth of DSD parameters depend on the near-surface rain rate, and a higher concentration of large-sized of droplets are observed for higher near surface rain rate, however, the dominant modes of droplets are <1 mm throughout the vertical column. However, the most significant variation in DSD growth is observed for near-surface rain rate ≥20 mm/h. These findings suggest using different retrieval techniques for near surface rain estimation than the rest of the vertical profile and high rain rate events. The improved understanding of the tropical Andes precipitation would be very important for assessing climate variability and to forecast the precipitation using the numerical models”. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-nd/2.5/pe/ es_ES
dc.source Repositorio institucional - Instituto Geofísico del Perú es_ES
dc.subject Diurnal variation es_ES
dc.subject DSD parameters es_ES
dc.subject Convective rain es_ES
dc.title Rainfall characteristics in the Mantaro basin over tropical Andes from a vertically pointed profile rain radar and in-situ field campaign es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Meteorología y ciencias atmosféricas es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Atmosphere es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/atmos11030248 es_ES

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