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dc.contributor.author Thual, Sulian
dc.contributor.author Dewitte, Boris
dc.contributor.author An, Soon-Il
dc.contributor.author Ayoub, Nadia
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-21T15:16:14Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-21T15:16:14Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018 (NB)
dc.identifier.issn 15200442
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.igp.gob.pe/handle/IGP/3037
dc.description En: Journal of Climate, v. 24, n. 16, ( August 2011), p. 4332-4349.
dc.description.abstract "El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is driven by large-scale ocean–atmosphere interactions in the equatorial Pacific and is sensitive to change in the mean state. Whereas conceptual models of ENSO usually consider the depth of the thermocline to be influential on the stability of ENSO, the observed changes in the depth of the 208C isotherm are rather weak, on the order of approximately 5 m over the last decades. Conversely, change in stratification that affects both the intensity and sharpness of the thermocline can be pronounced. Here, the two-strip conceptual model of An and Jin is extended to include three parameters (i.e., the contribution of the first three baroclinic modes) that account for the main characteristics of the mean thermocline vertical structure. A stability analysis of the model is carried out that indicates that the model sustains a lower ENSO mode when the high-order baroclinic modes (M2 and M3) are considered. The sensitivity of the model solution to the coupling efficiency further indicates that, in the weak coupling regime, the model allows for several ocean basin modes at low frequency. The latter can eventually merge into a low-frequency and unstable mode representative of ENSO as the coupling efficiency increases. Also, higher baroclinic modes project more energy onto the ocean dynamics for the same input of wind forcing. Therefore, in this study’s model, a shallower, yet more intense mean thermocline may still sustain a strong (i.e., unstable) and low-frequency ENSO mode. Sensitivity tests to the strength of the two dominant feedbacks (thermocline vs zonal advection) indicate that the presence of high-order baroclinic modes favors the bifurcation from a low-frequency regime to a higher-frequency regime when the zonal advective feedback is enhanced. It is suggested that the proposed formalism can be used to interpret and measure the sensitivity of coupled general circulation models to climate change" es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Journal of Climate es_ES
dc.relation.uri https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/full/10.1175/2011JCLI4148.1 es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-nd/2.5/pe/ es_ES
dc.source Repositorio institucional - IGP es_ES
dc.subject Corriente El Niño es_ES
dc.subject Oscilación del Sur es_ES
dc.subject Interacción océano-atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject Cambio climático es_ES
dc.title Sensitivity of ENSO to stratification in a recharge-discharge conceptual model es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Clima es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Océanos es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Física es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Climate es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1175/2011JCLI4148.1 es_ES

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