Mostrar el registro sencillo del ítem Villalobos-Puma, Elver Flores Rojas, José Luis Martinez-Castro, Daniel Morales, Annareli Lavado-Casimiro, Waldo Mosquera Vásquez, Kobi Alberto Silva Vidal, Yamina 2022-11-23T15:55:46Z 2022-11-23T15:55:46Z 2022-09-19
dc.identifier.citation Villalobos-Puma, E., Flores-Rojas, J. L., Martinez-Castro, D., Morales, A., Lavado-Casimiro, W., Mosquera-Vásquez, K., & Silva, Y. (2022). Summertime precipitation extremes and the influence of atmospheric flows on the western slopes of the southern Andes of Perú.==$International Journal of Climatology, 42$==(16), 9909-9930. es_ES
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018
dc.description.abstract Although climatologically dry, the western slopes of the southern Andes of Peru (WSA) can experience precipitation extremes (PEs) during the summer (December–February) resulting in great economic and human losses. Generally, WSA has a positive upslope gradient in precipitation, meaning more rain falls at higher elevations, but observations have shown this gradient can become negative with higher rainfall near the coastal cities. In this study we analyse 2000–2019 regional atmospheric patterns associated with different upslope precipitation gradients and PEs in WSA using principal component analysis methods and surface station observations. Results show important changes in the atmospheric circulation patterns during the occurrence of PE events. A prevailing pattern of negative southerly wind anomalies and regional warming of the southeastern Pacific Ocean leads to significant increases in moisture along the coast of WSA. Eastern moisture flows associated with the presence of the Bolivian High are observed at upper levels of the atmosphere and transport water vapour from the Amazon to the western side of the Andes. Additionally, there is a blocking effect aloft in response to an intense gradient of geopotential height that attenuates the easterly circulations. These large-scale mechanisms act to concentrate high precipitable water amounts and high levels of convective available potential energy in the troposphere which favours the vertical velocities essential to trigger PEs. These results increase our knowledge of the large-scale characteristics of PEs to help with forecasting these impactful events and protecting the more than 1.8 million people living in WSA. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Royal Meteorological Society es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1097-0088
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess es_ES
dc.subject Andes es_ES
dc.subject Large scale es_ES
dc.subject Moisture flows es_ES
dc.subject Precipitable water es_ES
dc.subject Precipitation extremes es_ES
dc.subject Precipitation gradients es_ES
dc.title Summertime precipitation extremes and the influence of atmospheric flows on the western slopes of the southern Andes of Perú es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde es_ES
dc.identifier.journal International Journal of Climatology es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi es_ES




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