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dc.contributor.author Flores Rojas, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Pereira Filho, Augusto José
dc.contributor.author Karam, Hugo Abi
dc.contributor.author Vemando, Felipe
dc.contributor.author Masson, Valéry
dc.contributor.author Silva Vidal, Yamina
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-17T16:17:15Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-17T16:17:15Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-27
dc.identifier.citation Flores-Rojas, J. L., Pereira-Filho, A. J., Karam, H. A., Vemando, F., Masson, V. & Silva-Vidal, F. Y. (2019). Modeling the Effects of Explicit Urban Canopy Representation on the Development of Thunderstorms above a Tropical Mega City.==$Atmosphere, 10$==(7), 356. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070356 es_ES
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12816/4677
dc.description.abstract The effects of an explicit three dimensional (3D) urban canopy representation on the development of convective thunderstorms were analyzed with the tropical town energy budget (tTEB) scheme integrated into the advanced regional prediction system (ARPS). The study provides a detailed description of the procedure to couple the system ARPS-tTEB and analyzed the simulation results of the 12 January 2015 sea-breeze event that developed a severe thunderstorm above the metropolitan area of São Paulo (MASP), Brazil. The simulation used realistic boundary and initial conditions from the Global Forecast System (GFS) and sea surface temperature (SST) from the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM). The system ARPS-tTEB runs of up to 3 km horizontal resolution were carried out with high resolution topography features and land-use types currently available for Southeastern Brazil. The simulated spatial distribution of precipitation was verified against the Climate Prediction Center Morphing Technique (CMORPH), the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) and the São Paulo weather radar (SPWR) precipitation estimates by indexes scores. Time series of grid precipitation estimates (ARPS-tTEB and SPWR) and point measurements (rain gauges) were evaluated with a Bayesian statistical method. Results indicate that the urban area of the MASP modulates the precipitation spatial distribution over it. Furthermore, phase and amplitude precipitation accuracy increased with the 3D urban canyon and the urban energy budget scheme in relationship to control runs without urban environment effects. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher MDPI es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:2073-4433
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licences/by/4.0/ es_ES
dc.subject Urban energy fluxes es_ES
dc.subject Convective thunderstorms es_ES
dc.subject ARPS es_ES
dc.subject tTEB es_ES
dc.title Modeling the Effects of Explicit Urban Canopy Representation on the Development of Thunderstorms above a Tropical Mega City es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.00 es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.09 es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Atmosphere es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10070356 es_ES

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