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dc.contributor.author Hei, Matthew A.
dc.contributor.author Valladares, Cesar E.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-07T10:11:55Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-07T10:11:55Z
dc.date.issued 2009-04-07
dc.identifier.citation Hei, M. A., & Valladares, C. E. (2009). The November 2004 superstorm: Comparison of low-latitude TEC observations with LLIONS model results.==$Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72$==(4), 334-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2009.03.025 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12816/3364
dc.description.abstract We investigate the effects of penetration electric fields, meridional thermospheric neutral winds, and composition perturbation zones (CPZs) on the distribution of low-latitude plasma during the 7–11 November 2004 geomagnetic superstorm. The impact on low-latitude plasma was assessed using total electron content (TEC) measurements from a latitudinally distributed array of ground-based GPS receivers in South America. Jicamarca Radio Observatory incoherent scatter radar measurements of vertical E×B drift are used in combination with the Low-Latitude IONospheric Sector (LLIONS) model to examine how penetration electric fields and meridional neutral winds shape low-latitude TEC. It is found that superfountain conditions pertain between ∼1900 and 2100 UT on 9 November, creating enhanced equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crests at ±20° geomagnetic latitude. Large-amplitude and/or long-duration changes in the electric field were found to produce significant changes in EIA plasma density and latitudinal location, with a delay time of ∼2–2.5 h. Superfountain drifts were primarily responsible for EIA TEC levels; meridional winds were needed only to create hemispherical crest TEC asymmetries. The [O/N2] density ratio (derived from the GUVI instrument, flown on the TIMED satellite) and measurements of total atmospheric density (from the GRACE satellites), combined with TEC measurements, yield information regarding a likely CPZ that appeared on 10 November, suppressing TEC for over 16 h. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1364-6826
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.subject EIA es_ES
dc.subject CPZ es_ES
dc.subject Superstorm es_ES
dc.subject Superfountain es_ES
dc.subject GPS es_ES
dc.subject TEC es_ES
dc.title The November 2004 superstorm: Comparison of low-latitude TEC observations with LLIONS model results es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.01 es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2009.03.025 es_ES

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