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dc.contributor.author Balan, N.
dc.contributor.author Thampi, S. V.
dc.contributor.author Lynn, K.
dc.contributor.author Otsuka, Y.
dc.contributor.author Alleyne, H.
dc.contributor.author Watanabe, S.
dc.contributor.author Abdu, M. A.
dc.contributor.author Fejer, B. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-30T17:45:55Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-30T17:45:55Z
dc.date.issued 2008-09-04
dc.identifier.citation Balan, N., Thampi, S. V., Lynn, K., Otsuka, Y., Alleyne, H., Watanabe, S., ... Fejer, B. G. (2008). F3 layer during penetration electric field.==$Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 113$==(A3), A00A07. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JA013206 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12816/3237
dc.description.abstract The occurrence of an additional layer, called F3 layer, in the equatorial ionosphere at American, Indian, and Australian longitudes during the super double geomagnetic storm of 7–11 November 2004 is presented using observations and modeling. The observations show the occurrence, reoccurrence, and quick ascent to the topside ionosphere of unusually strong F3 layer in Australian longitude during the first super storm (8 November) and in Indian longitude during the second super storm (10 November), all with large reductions in peak electron density (Nmax) and total electron content (GPS‐TEC). The unusual F3 layers can arise mainly from unusually strong fluctuations in the daytime vertical E × B drift as indicated by the observations and modeling in American longitude. The strongest upward E × B drift (or eastward prompt penetration electric field, PPEF) ever recorded (at Jicamarca) produces unusually strong F3 layer in the afternoon hours (≈1400–1600 LT) of PPEF, with large reductions in Nmax and TEC; the layer also reappears in the following evening (≈1700–1800 LT) owing to an unusually large downward drift. At night, when the drift is unusually upward and strong, the F region splits into two layers. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:2169-9380
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.subject F3 layer es_ES
dc.subject Penetration es_ES
dc.subject Electric fields es_ES
dc.title F3 layer during penetration electric field es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.01 es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JA013206 es_ES

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