Mostrar el registro sencillo del ítem Thual, Sulian Dewitte, Boris An, Soon-Il Ayoub, Nadia 2018-09-21T15:16:14Z 2018-09-21T15:16:14Z 2011-08
dc.identifier.citation Thual, S., Dewitte, B., An, S., & Ayoub, N. (2011). Sensitivity of ENSO to stratification in a recharge–discharge conceptual model.==$Journal of Climate, 24$==(16), 4332-4349. es_ES
dc.identifier.govdoc index-oti2018
dc.description.abstract El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is driven by large-scale ocean–atmosphere interactions in the equatorial Pacific and is sensitive to change in the mean state. Whereas conceptual models of ENSO usually consider the depth of the thermocline to be influential on the stability of ENSO, the observed changes in the depth of the 20ºC isotherm are rather weak, on the order of approximately 5 m over the last decades. Conversely, change in stratification that affects both the intensity and sharpness of the thermocline can be pronounced. Here, the two-strip conceptual model of An and Jin is extended to include three parameters (i.e., the contribution of the first three baroclinic modes) that account for the main characteristics of the mean thermocline vertical structure. A stability analysis of the model is carried out that indicates that the model sustains a lower ENSO mode when the high-order baroclinic modes (M2 and M3) are considered. The sensitivity of the model solution to the coupling efficiency further indicates that, in the weak coupling regime, the model allows for several ocean basin modes at low frequency. The latter can eventually merge into a low-frequency and unstable mode representative of ENSO as the coupling efficiency increases. Also, higher baroclinic modes project more energy onto the ocean dynamics for the same input of wind forcing. Therefore, in this study’s model, a shallower, yet more intense mean thermocline may still sustain a strong (i.e., unstable) and low-frequency ENSO mode. Sensitivity tests to the strength of the two dominant feedbacks (thermocline vs zonal advection) indicate that the presence of high-order baroclinic modes favors the bifurcation from a low-frequency regime to a higher-frequency regime when the zonal advective feedback is enhanced. It is suggested that the proposed formalism can be used to interpret and measure the sensitivity of coupled general circulation models to climate change. es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher American Meteorological Society es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:0894-8755
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.subject Atmosphere-ocean interaction es_ES
dc.subject Coupled models es_ES
dc.subject ENSO es_ES
dc.subject Thermocline es_ES
dc.title Sensitivity of ENSO to stratification in a recharge-discharge conceptual model es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde es_ES
dc.subject.ocde es_ES
dc.subject.ocde es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Climate es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi es_ES




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