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dc.contributor.author Oppenheim, M. M.
dc.contributor.author Dimant, Y. S.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-25T13:07:30Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-25T13:07:30Z
dc.date.issued 2004-11
dc.identifier.citation Oppenheim, M. M., & Dimant, Y. S. (2004). Ion thermal effects on E-region instabilities: 2D kinetic simulations.==$Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66$==(17), 1655-1668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2004.07.007 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12816/3140
dc.description.abstract Radars frequently receive strong returns from naturally occurring plasma density irregularities centered around 100 km altitude in the atmosphere. These E-region ionospheric irregularities occur when electrojet polarization electric fields drive plasma instabilities, most commonly the Farley–Buneman (FB) and gradient drift instabilities. This paper presents results from two fully kinetic, 2D simulations of field driven instabilities in the E-region. These simulations show the important impact of ion thermal effects on wave growth and turbulence. The first simulation applies parameters meant to replicate a strongly driven high-latitude FB instability where the polarization electric field exceeds the FB threshold by a factor of 4. In this case, waves grow and saturate with characteristics dominated by ion thermal perturbations resulting from a balance between frictional ion heating and cooling. These characteristics differ substantially from those expected for FB waves. In the second simulation, the driving field exceeds the threshold by a factor of 2, causing FB waves to grow with distinct modifications by ion thermal effects. The thermal effects reproduced by these simulations may account for some of the previously unexplained observational characteristics of E-region irregularities, particularly at high latitude and in the upper E-region. They also explain the results seen in the simulations of Janhunen (J. Geophys. Res. 99 (1994b) 11461). es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1364-6826
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess es_ES
dc.subject E-region electrojet es_ES
dc.subject Ionospheric irregularities es_ES
dc.subject Plasma instabilities es_ES
dc.subject Thermal effects es_ES
dc.title Ion thermal effects on E-region instabilities: 2D kinetic simulations es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.subject.ocde http://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.01 es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Por pares es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2004.07.007 es_ES

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