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dc.contributor.author Takahashi, Ken
dc.contributor.author Martínez, R.
dc.contributor.author Montecinos, Aldo
dc.contributor.author Dewitte, Boris
dc.contributor.author Gutiérrez, D.
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez-Rubio, E.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-28T17:56:32Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-28T17:56:32Z
dc.date.issued 2014-06
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.igp.gob.pe/handle/IGP/955
dc.description En: Report of the Tropical Pacific Observing System 2020 Workshop (TPOS 2020), Volume II – White Papers, n. 8a, San Diego, United States, January 27-30, 2014, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, p. 171-205. OOPS (Ocean Observations Panel for Climate)
dc.description.abstract "El Niño is the main source of climate variability in the tropical Pacific ocean and it is particularly dramatic along the western coast of South America, where monthly sea surface temperature anomalies during the peak of the 1982-83 and 1997-98 events have been on the order of 9°C. The local warming favors a southward displacement of the ITCZ, which results in dramatic increase in rainfall on the coasts of northern Peru, Ecuador, producing significant losses in infrastructure and economical activities associated with flooding. Also, the tropicalization of the coastal upwelling environment of Peru and Chile produces disruptive effects on the ecosystem and associated fisheries. Decadal variability in the equatorial Pacific is closely linked to variability along western South America. Recent manifestations include the abrupt warming around 1976 throughout the eastern Pacific, which was followed by a cool period since the late 1990s. Similar to El Niño, this variability also impacts climate along the coast and the marine ecosystems. The dynamics of this variability, however, is poorly understood at present. A similar issue is related to climate change, and its potential influence associated with equatorial dynamics and local air-sea interactions along the coast. These relationships are not well understood at present. Key needs in the region are the enhancement of subsurface monitoring in the far eastern equatorial Pacific and along the coast of South America, and the reduction of long-standing biases in the mean and the variability in climate models in the eastern Pacific, guided by process understanding, to provide reliable climate forecasts on intraseasonal to decadal scales, and climate change projections for the eastern Pacific and its feedbacks and impacts on global climate." es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher San Diego (USA) es_ES
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es_ES
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-nd/2.5/pe/ es_ES
dc.source Repositorio institucional - IGP es_ES
dc.subject Corriente El Niño -- Perú es_ES
dc.subject Interacción océano-atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject Condiciones atmosféricas es_ES
dc.subject Cambio climático es_ES
dc.title Regional applications of observations in the eastern Pacific: Western South America es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Observación es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Temperatura es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Clima es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Regiones climáticas es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Efectos en el medio ambiente es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Atmósfera es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Condiciones atmosféricas es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Climatología es_ES
dc.subject.ocde Pronósticos meteorológicos es_ES
dc.identifier.journal Ocean Observations Panel for Climate es_ES


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